What is the air quality in Mumbai?
Mumbai has moderate to unhealthy air pollution. The city’s 2018 annual average PM2.5 concentration was 58.6 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m³), which exceeds the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines by more than fivefold.
The financial center of India, Mumbai’s air quality worsened from 2017 to 2018 with an increase in the annual average PM2.5 levels by 4.4 µg/m³, from 54.2 µg/m³ to 58.6 µg/m³.
Mumbai’s 2019 annual average is set to decrease. In 2019, only four months experienced unhealthy air quality, as compared to seven months in 2018.
When is Mumbai air pollution at its worst?
Air pollution in Mumbai typically worsens during the winter months from November to February, when there is less rainfall to clear the pollutant particles in the air.
Is Mumbai the city with the worst air pollution?
Mumbai’s unhealthy air quality came in at no. 27 out of the 58 India cities included in the report. Due to its coastal location, the megacity benefits from the sea breeze, which helps to dispel suspended pollutants.
Why is Mumbai polluted?
Air pollution in Mumbai is mainly caused by industrial, vehicular and biofuel emissions, open burning, and dust.
What are the effects of air pollution in Mumbai?
In 2017 alone, India's air pollution was linked to the deaths of 1.24 million people, with 54 percent of the deaths caused by ambient air pollution and 46 percent of the deaths caused by household pollution such as solid cooking fuels. According to the study, air pollution deaths accounted for 12.5 percent of total deaths recorded that year.
How can air pollution in Mumbai be reduced?
Real-time air quality data must first be made available to everyone with greater granularity. When people know how much pollution they are breathing, they can better take measures to protect themselves and be enabled to mobilize efforts around tackling air pollution.
The key to improving air pollution is reducing emissions. Indian authorities launched the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) in January 2019, which aims to cut pollution in 102 of the most polluted cities by 20-30% by 2024. Under the NCAP, the government plans to cut industrial and transport emissions, reduce dust pollution, and impose stricter rules on biomass burning. There are also plans to upgrade and increase air monitoring systems.
However, a critical loophole is that the NCAP has no legal binding to ensure that local governments comply.
The Maharashtra state government has inadequate pollution mitigation plans for tackling air pollution – the plans prepared by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) were originally rejected by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). The MPCB’s revised plans were recently accepted but has still been criticized for neglecting bigger sources of pollution like industry and automobiles.
Individuals can take steps in their daily life to reduce personal emissions by carpooling or taking public transport, switching to greener fuel alternatives, and more.
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